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Thursday, October 15, 2020 | History

4 edition of Neural modeling of brain and cognitive disorders found in the catalog.

Neural modeling of brain and cognitive disorders

  • 200 Want to read
  • 33 Currently reading

Published by World Scientific in Singapore, River Edge, NJ .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Cognition disorders -- Computer simulation -- Congresses.,
  • Brain -- Diseases -- Computer simulation -- Congresses.,
  • Psychoses -- Computer simulation -- Congresses.,
  • Neural networks (Neurobiology) -- Congresses.,
  • Nervous System Diseases -- congresses.,
  • Cognition Disorders -- congresses.,
  • Mental Disorders -- congresses.,
  • Models, Neurological -- congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    Statementeditors, James A. Reggia, Eytan Ruppin, Rita Sloan Berndt.
    SeriesProgress in neural processing ;, 6
    ContributionsReggia, James A., Ruppin, Eytan., Berndt, Rita Sloan.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC553.C64 N47 1996
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 483 p. :
    Number of Pages483
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL996914M
    ISBN 109810228791
    LC Control Number96035593

    Neurology (from Greek: νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous ogy deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the central and peripheral nervous systems (and their subdivisions, the autonomic and somatic nervous systems), including.   Despite advances in delineating the pathophysiology of gSAD, little is known about baseline neural correlates that predict treatment response or brain-based changes following cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), first-line psychotherapy for gSAD and other anxiety disorders (Heimberg, ; Hofmann and Smits, ).

    Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system. It is a multidisciplinary science that combines physiology, anatomy, molecular biology, developmental biology, cytology, mathematical modeling, and psychology to understand the fundamental and emergent properties of neurons and neural circuits. The understanding of the biological basis of learning, memory, behavior. Cognitive disorders often begin subtly but progress until they significantly impede the affected individual’s quality of life. It is important to understand the various cognitive disorders, their symptoms and relevant treatment options. What Are the Types of Cognitive Disorders? Cognitive disorders are a part of the neurocognitive disorder classification in the fifth edition of the [ ].

    Schizophrenia: network-based discriminative models. It has been long recognized that schizophrenia, unlike certain other mental disorders, appears to be delocalized, i.e. difficult to attribute to a dysfunction of a few specific brain areas, and may be better understood as a disruption of the emergent, collective properties of normal brain states that can be better captured by functional. The book is organized into four sections in addition to the introduction: thought, language, neuroscience, and brain and biology. Some chapters cut across several sections, attesting to the cross-disciplinary nature of the field.


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Neural modeling of brain and cognitive disorders Download PDF EPUB FB2

Computational models are then presented of memory impairment in Alzheimer's disease, functional brain reorganization following a stroke, patterns of neural activity in epilepsy, disruption of language processes in aphasia and acquired dyslexia, altered cognitive processes in schizophrenia and depression, and related disorders.

This is the first Cited by: Get this from a library. Neural modeling of brain and cognitive disorders. [James A Reggia; Eytan Ruppin; Rita Sloan Berndt;] -- During the last few years there has been a rapidly increasing interest in neural modeling of brain and cognitive disorders.

This multidisciplinary book presents a variety of such models in neurology. System Upgrade on Fri, Jun 26th, at 5pm (ET) During this period, our website will be offline for less than an hour but the E-commerce and.

The book also discusses 54 computer programs that simulate the dynamics of neurons and neuronal networks to illustrate between unit and systemic levels of nervous system functions.

The models of neural and brain operations are composed of three sections: models of generic mechanisms; models of specific neuronal systems; and models of generic. This textbook provides a general introduction to the field of neural networks. Thoroughly revised and updated from the previous editions of andthe current edition concentrates on networks for modeling brain processes involved in cognitive and behavioral : Daniel S.

Levine. Neural Circuit and Cognitive Development, Second Edition, the latest release in the Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience series, provides a much-needed update to underscore the latest research in this rapidly evolving field, with new section editors discussing the technological advances that are enabling the pursuit of new research on brain.

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders is the first book directed primarily at basic scientists to offer a comprehensive overview of neurological and neuropsychiatric disease. This book links basic, translational, and clinical research, covering the genetic, developmental, molecular, and cellular mechanisms underlying all major categories of brain.

Examines neural circuit models of serotonergic system (from microcircuits to cognition) Educates on information theory, memory, prediction, and timing in associative learning; Computational Models of Brain and Behavior is written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers involved in computational neuroscience modeling Reviews: 3.

Focusing on the computational models that are used to study movement, memory and cognitive disorders as well as epilepsy and consciousness related diseases, the book brings together physiologists and anatomists investigating cortical circuits; cognitive neuroscientists studying brain dynamics and behavior by means of EEG and functional magnetic.

This book covers recent advances in the understanding of brain structure, function and disorders based on the fundamental principles of physics. It covers a broad range of physical phenomena occurring in the brain circuits for perception, cognition, emotion and action, representing the building.

However, there are other uses by which neural modeling can play a significant role in the clinical research of brain disorders. One type of neural modeling, what has been called systems-level neural modeling (Horwitz et al., ), attempts to evaluate the strengths of the direct connections between brain regions (i.e., the interregional.

This book contains selected contributions of papers, many presented at the Second International Workshop on Neural Modeling of Brain Disorders, as well as a few additional papers on related topics, including a wide range of presentations describing computational models of neurological, neuropsychological and psychiatric disorders.

It is a unique, comprehensive review of the state-of-the. The neural model is the only model of embodied mind.

It has two versions: non-pragmatic and pragmatic (autopoietic, distributed, and social mind). Keywords: Cognitive, Mind, Computation, Embodiment, Knowledge.

Models of Mind That Are Implied by Cognitive Science. Internalist Models of the Mind General Features. Beck's cognitive model of depression developed over 50 years ago postulated that the development and maintenance of depression relies on biased acquisition and processing of information [5. User Review - Flag as inappropriate This book, though outdated, treats with some great, interesting concepts, like Dynamic link architecture.

This is the formation of a set of dynamic linked nodes to create objects in human memory, like a dynamic link library, but for the human brain. At pages, the name "handbook" hardly applies, but the book would help anyone studying psychology, memory Reviews: 1.

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection. The Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology of Stroke. Cognitive neuropsychological model of limb praxis and apraxia. In Rothi LG, Heilman KM (eds.) Apraxia in movement disorders. Brain. The dual-pathway model has been proposed to explain the heterogeneity in symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by two independent psychological pathways based on distinct brain circuits.

The authors sought to test whether the hypothesized cognitive and motivational pathways have separable neural correlates. A cognitive disorder is a disorder that affects the function of the brain. Cognitive disorders usually involve memory loss as well as confusion and anxiety.

People with cognitive disorders may experience symptoms such as memory loss, loss of control over certain parts of their bodies, and general mental deterioration.

This book emphasizes the shift towards the development of models of cognitive processes which are better-founded in an understanding of neural circuitry. The volume is the twelfth in a series in Computational Neuroscience, which began with Methods in Neuronal Modeling: From Synapses to Networks (), edited by Christof Koch and Idan Segev.

A cognitive disorder is when your brain does not work correctly after a traumatic brain injury (TBI). A TBI often damages the front part of your brain, which is the part of the brain used for thinking and memory.

You may have difficulty doing the same things that you did before the TBI. What are the symptoms of a cognitive disorder?. Li G. et al. () Identification of Abnormal Circuit Dynamics in Major Depressive Disorder via Multiscale Neural Modeling of Resting-State fMRI.

In: Shen D. et al. (eds) Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI MICCAI Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol Neural networks were first proposed in by Warren McCullough and Walter Pitts, two University of Chicago researchers who moved to MIT in as founding members of what’s sometimes called the first cognitive science department.

Neural nets were a major area of research in both neuroscience and computer science untilwhen, according. Aerobic exercise has demonstrated antidepressant efficacy among adults with major depression. There is a poor understanding of the neural mechanisms associated with these effects.

Deficits in reward processing and cognitive control may be two candidate targets and predictors of treatment outcome to exercise in depression.